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Breastfeeding.. the first line of defense against childhood diseases

Amman Today

publish date 2023-06-03 14:11:51

It is the “first line of defense” against childhood diseases, as doctors and health experts confirm, and it is also a natural means of reproductive health and family planning.
Reproductive health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being, with which the couple can have healthy children, and determine the number of children and the dates of childbearing.

The Higher Population Council indicates on its website that reproductive health is a right for every individual, being the basis for a healthy and safe family environment, and that men and women have an important role in reproductive health, and that there is a close interdependence between development, population and reproductive health.

During the 1990s, the concept of reproductive health was widely adopted worldwide, as a description of a specific set of health issues and as a general direction for thinking about population issues, as the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994 constituted a turning point in development issues.
On the local level, the National Reproductive Health Strategy 2020-2030 included 4 objectives within 4 axes, including: an enabling environment through the development of supportive and enabling legislation and policies for integrated sexual and reproductive health issues, and services and information through which the provision of integrated and integrated sexual and reproductive health services and information is achieved. Quality for the population in all regions of the Kingdom.

A study prepared by the Higher Population Council in 2021, entitled “The Impact of Social and Economic Factors and Gender Dynamics on Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health in Jerash Governorate,” indicated in the fourth axis “The Impact of Social and Economic Factors and Gender Dynamics on Breastfeeding,” that all participants are aware that Breastfeeding is the best, but not everyone adopts it for several factors, including “the lack of information among study participants about the correct method of breastfeeding, how to increase milk supply, and the components of breast milk.”

The study showed that there is false information and beliefs that prevent breastfeeding among many mothers, including: “the inability of a working mother to breastfeed, the inability of a pregnant woman to breastfeed, and the weakness of the mother’s body for health reasons, which makes her milk light and non-nutritive, and the belief of some women that their milk is neither fat nor The child gains the required growth, so they resort to using formula milk.”
The Higher Population Council called for preparing mothers and educating them on the importance of breastfeeding immediately after childbirth or during the last months of pregnancy.
The council stressed that infant formula constitutes a burden on the budget of poor families, as the average monthly cost for a newborn child’s family is about 55 dinars per month.

He called for the commitment of all health services sites to the international code that prohibits the promotion of manufactured infant formula or the distribution of free samples thereof, and the prohibition of distributing breast-feeding (bottles) to mothers while they are in maternity wards in hospitals.
He explained that 24 percent of Jordanian infants only at the age of (2-3 months) are exclusively breastfed depending on breast milk, compared to the regional average of 34 percent, and the percentage of infants who depend on breast milk only at the age of (4-5 months) decreases to Only 11 percent.

The Council pointed out that the data of the recent population and family health survey showed that about 30 percent of births in Jordan were born within two years of their predecessors, contrary to international recommendations, as one of the reasons for this is the short period of pure breastfeeding.
He emphasized that breastfeeding is the best food for newborns and infants, as research has shown that adolescents and adults who were exclusively breastfed are less likely to gain weight and obesity, and show improvement in intelligence test results. Breastfeeding also helps avoid a third of respiratory infections, and reduces the risk of Sudden infant mortality by more than a third, because breast milk contains all the nutrients a child needs during the first six months, strengthens the immune system to resist infection and disease, and reduces the risk of postpartum depression.

Absolute breastfeeding for six months is considered natural family planning, as this method is called lactational amenorrhea, and its effectiveness exceeds 98 percent for family planning and spacing between pregnancies.
The International Breastfeeding Association, led by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization, has called on countries to take actions that focus on investing in providing experienced breastfeeding advice during pregnancy visits, and training health care workers (midwives and nurses) on Providing advice to mothers and families in the field of breastfeeding, and building strong collaborative systems to provide appropriate advice.

The first week of August of each year coincides with Breastfeeding Week, during which activities are held to remind families, the public, health program managers and anti-poverty programs of the great benefits that accrue to mothers, newborns, the family budget, the health system and the national economy when a newborn depends on breast milk only for his nutrition. During the six months of his life, and to continue breastfeeding during the first year of his life at least.
Head of the Women’s Health Department at the Ministry of Health, Dr. Hanan Al-Najmi, indicates that breastfeeding is currently based on the necessity of continuing it for the first six months of childbirth, introducing food and nutritional supplements after the end of the first six months, and breastfeeding in the first hour of childbirth, which is known as the golden hour, as they come into contact with The mother with her child, with the aim of improving children’s immunity, regulating their heartbeat, and protecting them from physical and psychological diseases.

She drew attention to Public Health Law No. (47) of 2008 and its amendments, in Article 4/c, which encourages breastfeeding to protect mothers from the danger of applying alternatives to breastfeeding.
And she emphasized that, according to the governing legislation, a financial fine for the violator, ranging between 500-1000 dinars, is imposed on companies promoting breast-milk substitutes, indicating in this regard that it is imperative to review the laws and regulations governing this field, to be more deterrent, indicating the role of the Ministry. In the intensification of inspection and control campaigns, as many violations were caught in this regard, and punishment is imposed on everyone who deals inside government hospitals with companies that promote breast milk substitutes.

She drew attention to the role of the Ministry of Health in intensifying awareness campaigns and introducing health sector workers to this system, conferences and seminars promoting breastfeeding, combating breast-milk substitutes, and carrying out awareness through 520 maternity and childhood centers, distributed in the governorates of the Kingdom.
Al-Najmi said that the ministry will launch a media campaign, in cooperation with the Nutrition and Community Health Project funded by the US Agency for International Development, to promote absolute breastfeeding for six months after birth without the newborn receiving breastmilk substitutes during that period, to preserve the health of the mother, child, society, as well as the environment. Manufacturing a kilo of baby powder milk consumes a lot of water in factories.
He follows……. He follows

#Breastfeeding #line #defense #childhood #diseases

Jordan News

Source : اخبار الاردن

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