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Protecting adolescents and youth from the dangers of tobacco is a national priority

Amman Today

publish date 2023-05-30 14:01:53

The Higher Population Council affirmed that the future of Jordan and its future generations is in the hands of adolescents and youth, whose protection from dangers is a top priority.

In a statement on the occasion of the World No Tobacco Day, which falls on May 31 annually, the Council warned that tobacco use is one of the most risk factors affecting the health of smokers and is behind chronic diseases and deaths resulting from noncommunicable diseases, as 75 percent of deaths are due to. to noncommunicable diseases.

The council stated that smoking is a major cause of lung cancer, and it is the most common cause of cancer death among men and women globally. In Jordan, it is the second most common type of cancer among males, with a rate of 11 percent among all types of cancer. Lung tumors in males increased by 22.4 percent, according to the annual report of cancer incidence recorded in Jordan for the year 2018.

Regarding the reality of tobacco use in Jordan, the council pointed out to the increase in the number of cafes that offer smoking in the form of (hookahs), which harm health and waste time, as the number of licensed cafes within the Greater Amman Municipality exceeded 2938, according to the Population and Family Health Survey 2017-2018 of the Department of Statistics. the public.

According to the same survey, the number of smokers increased between both sexes, whether smoking cigarettes, water pipes or any other form of tobacco, as the percentage rose to about 45 percent among men in the age group (15-49 years) with a daily average of more than 25 cigarettes and 12 percent Among women, it is not excluded that there are smokers among children under the age of 15 years, while the rates among the age group 15-19 years were 17.2 percent among males and 5.4 percent among females.

With regard to the economic cost of smoking, the average household expenditure on tobacco or cigarettes annually amounted to 540.3 dinars, according to the data of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey for the year 2017-2018, while the total value of Jordan’s tobacco imports for the year 2021 amounted to about 48.685 million dinars, and the number of establishments manufacturing tobacco products reached There are 29 establishments in Jordan, according to figures from the Department of Statistics.

The results of the National Stepwise Survey (STEPs) for monitoring risk factors associated with noncommunicable diseases for the year 2019, which was implemented by the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization, indicate that the percentage of smokers among the population between the ages of (18-69 years) amounted to 41 percent, and current smokers constituted Electronic and vaping devices (VAPE) 9.2 percent.

Tobacco prevalence was significantly higher among men compared to women, with 65.3 percent of traditional tobacco smokers (manufactured cigarettes, hand-rolled cigarettes, hookahs, pipes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), and 15 percent of users of modern products such as electronic cigarettes and vaping devices, compared to 16.4 percent of women. 4.2% were traditional tobacco smokers and users of modern products, and smoking was much higher among the younger age group of both sexes.

Statistical data indicate that the average time for smoking traditional products in the age group (18-69 years) was 17 years, which rose to 35 years in the age group (45-69 years). The average age at which men started smoking was much younger than that of women. It reached 17 years for men and 24 years for women, while it was found that 34.7 percent of current smokers started smoking before the age of 16, and the average number of manufactured cigarettes smoked by smokers per day was 21.

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With regard to exposure to secondhand smoke, 80 percent of the survey participants reported that they had been exposed to secondhand smoke during the past month, and passive smoking was very prevalent in homes, reaching 63 percent, 37 percent in public transportation, 19 percent at work, 14 percent in restaurants, 7 percent in government institutes, 6 percent in healthcare facilities, and 6 percent in universities and schools.

With regard to the cost of smoking, according to the progressive national survey, the average monthly expenditure on manufactured cigarettes was 60.3 dinars, and the cost of 100 packs of manufactured cigarettes equaled 5.9 percent of the per capita GDP, and the average expenditure of a smoker on hookah was 13 dinars per month.

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Concerning some global facts that show the extent of the harm and high costs that tobacco inflicts on societies healthily, environmentally, economically and socially, the statement attached a number of them indicating that tobacco use results in a huge economic cost that includes high health care costs resulting from the treatment of diseases caused by tobacco use, as well as Loss of human capital from mortality and morbidity attributable to tobacco. All forms of tobacco are harmful, and there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco.

More than 80 percent of the 1.3 billion smokers globally live in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of tobacco-related morbidity and mortality is highest, and tobacco use contributes to deepening poverty as it diverts household spending from basic needs such as food and shelter to tobacco. It costs the global economy $1.4 trillion annually.

349 million people in 79 countries suffer from acute food insecurity, many of whom live in low- and middle-income countries, and tobacco is grown in more than 124 countries as a cash crop using an estimated 3.2 million hectares of fertile land. Where tobacco is grown, there is a negative economic impact as a result of the adverse health, environmental and social effects of tobacco cultivation.

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Jordan News

Source : اخبار الاردن

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