Local News

Is the Dead Sea disappear within years?

Amman Today

publish date 2022-10-31 11:38:23

Compass – The Dead Sea’s water recedes annually in a way that threatens to dry up in the absence of any plans to save the lowest point on earth.

The annual rate of decline in the water level of the Dead Sea is between one and one and a half meters, which threatens the disappearance of one of the most important landmarks in Jordan after years and the damage to the tourism sector based on it, in addition to the negative effects resulting from this environmental decline.

International reports classify the Dead Sea among five lakes in the Middle East that are at risk of drying up due to high temperatures and mismanagement, amid local accusations of Israel causing this crisis after diverting the waters of the Jordan River for years.

The Israeli occupation is accused

Since 1967, the Israeli occupation has transformed the estuaries of the Jordan River into agricultural projects, after they fed the Dead Sea, which has an area of ​​about 550 square kilometers, a maximum width of about 17 km, and a length of 70 km.

For years, the Jordan River continued to supply the Dead Sea with fresh water, but today it is scarce and almost non-existent due to Israeli water dams that confiscate an estimated 1.5 billion cubic meters annually of the Jordan River water.

Jordanian observers are talking about drying operations carried out by the Israeli side to obtain salts, specifically potash.

Highest salinity

The Jordanian Ministry of Environment confirms the seriousness of the situation in the Dead Sea and the extent of its threat to the environment, after the salinity rate in it reached 34 percent, which is one of the highest levels of salinity in water bodies in the world, at a time when the concerned authorities are calling for the preservation of the Dead Sea as a global heritage.

Jordan is counting on the Bahrain Conveyor Project, from which Israel withdrew years ago to stop the draining of the Dead Sea, as specialists say that this project is the only hope to keep the Dead Sea from receding by dragging the Red Sea water after the lack of fresh water flow into it.

In 2015, Jordan and Israel signed an agreement to implement the first phase of the Bahrain Conveyor Project, which aims to desalinate the Red Sea water and pump part of it to the Dead Sea.

Reduction or drought?

While the director of the national carrier’s project, Issa Al-War, denies all the hypotheses that talk about the drying up of the Dead Sea during the next fifty years, he asserts that the studies conducted are not based on scientific facts. Sea level is the lowest in history.

Al-Swalaqah says that the receding water in the Dead Sea poses a threat to its existence and its biosphere, not to mention the abnormal phenomena that have emerged successively, such as craters and the emergence of new beaches.

According to studies, industries built on the shores of the Dead Sea play a role in depleting its waters by approximately 400 million cubic meters annually, while evaporation due to high heat leads to a loss of between 700 to 900 million cubic meters annually.

An important tourist tributary

The Dead Sea is drying up today at an alarming rate due to a combination of climate change and water extraction by the Israeli occupation, making it vulnerable to complete disappearance during the next 50 years and at the current rate of decline the Dead Sea may dry up completely by 2040 or 2050.

The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from all over the world and is considered one of the most important health resorts and a source for making cosmetics. Therefore, it is seen as a vital source of income for Jordan, and its loss or mourning will be devastating for the tourism sector, as the volume of tourism investments in the Dead Sea region is about two billion dollars. Especially since there are many types of tourism, from medical treatment to international conferences and wedding tourism.

The Dead Sea region has become a major center for health research in recent years, and its aspects constitute a unique ecosystem. Therefore, the Jordanian side of the Dead Sea has become a major tourist destination, as a number of hotels and resorts have been built on its shores, and Amman has invested heavily in developing infrastructure in the region in support of the growth of tourism.

The Independent Arabic

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Jordan News

Source : اخبار الاردن

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