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Drought and depletion .. Will Jordan lose the Dead Sea?

Amman Today

publish date 2022-09-09 17:14:52

Compass – With the passage of years, the Dead Sea still faces its fate alone without any serious attempts to save it from the danger of a drop in the water level, due to the cutting off of its tributaries from the Jordan River, and evaporation due to heat and drought due to the lack of rain, until today the piles of salt on its sides are lonely and barren.

The crisis of the Dead Sea’s receding water has risen to the surface again, with the government’s intention to establish a “national carrier project”, which aims to transfer Red Sea water after desalination to the capital, Amman, for the purpose of providing drinking water.

The head of the Friends of the Dead Sea Society, Dr. Zaid Al-Swalqa, had confirmed that the decline in the level of the Dead Sea had reached 438 meters below sea level, recording the lowest levels in history.

In an interview with TRT Arabic, Al-Salaqah summarized the causes of the Dead Sea’s drain, explaining that “Israel’s diversion of the Jordan River waters (the main estuary of the Dead Sea) led to the loss of the most important tributary and the depletion of water quantities amounting to more than 80%, which led to the disappearance of the southern part of it. about the map.

Strait said, “The industries built on both sides of the sea contributed to the depletion of its waters, and the quantities of water that reach the sea from the Jordan River do not exceed 1% of what it was before.”

He revealed that studies confirmed that industries built on the shores of the sea are draining between 350 and 400 million m3 annually, which threatens the existence of the Dead Sea as a whole.

The national carrier as an alternative to the Bahrain carrier

Regarding the national carrier project (which was suspended in 2019), Al-Salwaqah indicated that the project was scheduled, according to the initial plans, to supply the Dead Sea with surplus quantities after the desalination process during its tow to Amman, but the project was halted for an unknown matter so far.

The project was re-launched, but with a different path away from the Dead Sea, linking Aqaba with Amman through the Negev and the city of Ma’an, which will deprive the Dead Sea of ​​water estimated at 20 million cubic meters annually.

Regarding climate change, Al-Salwaqah pointed out that evaporation due to high temperatures leads to a loss of between 700 to 900 million cubic meters of Dead Sea water annually, especially that the Dead Sea area experiences high temperatures of more than 40 degrees Celsius in summer.

Al-Salwaqah added that this decline has caused the emergence of collapsing craters, which has led to the loss of large areas of beaches, and the great danger it poses to tourists and the environment, especially with the melting of salt blocks in the soil.

He warned that the continuation of these factors would lead to the almost complete decline of the Dead Sea in the next half century, calling for speeding up the matter by compensating for the water it loses annually, or preserving what is currently present in it, by re-routing the “carrier”. The National Committee” across the Dead Sea, stressing the importance of searching for solutions to this issue.

The collapse of the ecosystem

The water expert and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Miyahuna Company and the former Secretary General of the Jordan Valley Authority, Engineer Saad Abu Hammour, indicated that the acceleration of the decline of the Dead Sea waters threatens the collapse of the ecosystem in the world’s most scarce regions, stressing that the national carrier project is the only way to address this imbalance and advance the region that enjoys It is of great importance for investment, tourism and religion.

Abu Hammour told TRT Arabic, “We will lose this rare place globally if the national carrier project is not implemented through the Dead Sea to secure the quantities of water it needs to sustain its life.”

He added, “Vast areas were once submerged in water, but now they have become barren lands, punctuated by large hollows and slopes. And that the quantities of water that were supplied to it before Israel transferred the waters of the Jordan River were more than one million cubic meters annually, but what it receives today, at its best, does not exceed 200 million cubic meters annually.

He stressed that studies have shown that the area of ​​the Dead Sea has decreased since 2000 by 30%, compared to what it is now, explaining that the problem of the decline has caused complex problems, the most dangerous of which are craters of varying diameters of up to 20 meters, which exacerbate the fragility of the geological structures in the region.

Abu Hammour noted that the decline of the Dead Sea may not be able to Jordan to confront it alone, which requires an international effort from the governments of the world and international and international organizations interested in continuing this historical legacy.

Efforts to prevent attacks on streams

The Ministry of Water and Irrigation said that it is making efforts to stop the bleeding of the Dead Sea, by preserving the side tributaries of the sea, especially the Jordan River, which flows into it from the north, and to the east comes good quantities of water from Wadi Zarqa, Ma’in, and from the Mujib River and to the west from Ain El Lagdi.

The ministry’s media spokesman added to TRT that its efforts focus on preserving these tributaries, preventing attacks on them by saboteurs, and preventing illegal overdrafts, explaining that “the Dead Sea constitutes a unique geological and climatic condition and is considered one of the economic centers on which many industries such as salt factories are based. factories, cosmetics and medical treatments, as well as the tourism sector, which is witnessing a continuous boom.”

Landing near the sea

In an international scientific report specialized in water, earth sciences and the state of meteorology, published by (Science Daily) last year, it warned of the dangers of subsidence of the lands adjacent to the Dead Sea at a rate of 15 cm per year due to the drop in its water level, pointing to a decrease in the water level of this sea by about one meter per year. .

The report stated that the Dead Sea is shrinking, attributing this to several factors, the most important of which are climate change, and misuse, noting that these factors would consume fresh water in the course of the river due to the dissolution of salt in the soil, which leads to the occurrence of holes. Subsidence of the surrounding land surface.

TRT Arabic

#Drought #depletion #Jordan #lose #Dead #Sea

Jordan News

Source : اخبار الاردن

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