publish date 2022-03-21 09:44:31
The German Cancer Society said that the cause of light skin cancer is the ultraviolet rays of the sun, which damage the genetic properties of skin cells.
Although the body can withstand these damages to a certain degree, exposure to intense and prolonged sunlight disrupts the body’s immune system, resulting in cancerous cells being formed.
The association added that basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of light skin cancer, explaining that it often appears in advanced age stages, after about 50.
It is a slow-growing tumor that often appears on the balding area in men as well as on the most sun-exposed areas of the face, forehead, cheeks, nose, and ears.
In its first stage, the infection appears as a light red spot that can be raised or flat, and with time it peels off and may bleed.
Although it usually does not progress to the stage of metastasis, during which cancer cells move from the main affected organ to other parts of the body, it can cause the destruction of surrounding tissues.
squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is the least common type of light skin cancer, and it usually affects areas exposed to sunlight, but it can appear in all parts of the body.
Its symptoms appear in the form of a red, horny bump on the surface of the skin, to the extent that its texture resembles that of sandpaper. Unlike basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma can progress to the stage of metastasis and cause cancer cells to form in other organs.
The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the higher the chances of treatment for light skin cancer in all its forms.
In most cases, surgical intervention is sufficient to eradicate it permanently. There is also a technique of radiotherapy or cryotherapy and photodynamic therapy, to treat the skin using a type of creams and gels containing active substances, before shining beams of light on the sites of injury.
To avoid skin cancer, it should be protected from the sun with sunscreens and clothing that covers the skin, and avoid sunlight, especially at noon. In general, keep checking skin cancer with age.
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