publish date 2022-03-06 23:53:46
Cholecystitis has become somewhat prevalent even in young people! Undoubtedly, you have repeatedly heard the phrase “My gallbladder exploded!!”, which is usually said as a metaphor for provocation, but have you ever wondered what might actually lead to the pitting and explosion of the gallbladder?!
In this article, we will talk about cholecystitis, its causes and symptoms, and how we treat and prevent it.
What is gallbladder?
The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of the abdomen below the liver.
The gallbladder contains digestive fluid (bile) that drains into the small intestine.
Causes of cholecystitis:
• Gallstones: In most cases, cholecystitis is the result of solid particles formed in the gallbladder (stones). These stones can block the bile duct through which bile flows out of the gallbladder, which leads to the accumulation of bile and the occurrence of inflammation.
• Obstruction of the bile duct: whether it is tied or scarred in it, or the presence of a tumor in it or adjacent to it, all of this can cause a blockage that leads to cholecystitis.
• Infection: AIDS and some viral infections can trigger cholecystitis.
After we learned the location of the gallbladder in our bodies, what are the symptoms of cholecystitis?
• Severe pain in the upper right or in the middle of the abdomen, which may spread to the right shoulder or back.
• Heat, nausea and vomiting.
• Pain when touching the abdomen.
When should you see a doctor?
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have worrisome signs or symptoms, such as severe abdominal pain that causes discomfort and an inability to remain seated.
How is the disease diagnosed?
Inflammation is diagnosed by conducting blood tests and some imaging procedures such as ultrasound (Echo) and computed tomography (CT).
But… what happens if the infection is left untreated?!
It can lead to severe complications such as infection in the gallbladder or the death of its tissues, and it may sometimes lead to life-threatening complications such as rupture and explosion of the gallbladder!
How can cholecystitis be treated?
Treatment usually includes a hospital stay to control the infection, and sometimes surgery.
• Fasting from food and drink at first to relieve pressure on the inflamed gallbladder.
• Giving fluids intravenously in the arm, this helps prevent dehydration.
• Antibiotics to fight infection, “only” when the gallbladder has an infection.
• Pain relievers: These can help control pain until the inflammation in the gallbladder subsides.
Stone removal: Your doctor may perform an endoscopic procedure (ERCP) to remove any stones blocking the bile ducts.
Symptoms usually subside within two or three days, but the inflammation often recurs, so:
Most people with cholecystitis eventually need surgery to remove it!
How can cholecystitis be prevented?
You can reduce your risk of developing cholecystitis by taking the following steps to prevent gallstones from forming:
1- Losing weight slowly: Rapid weight loss can increase the risk of developing gallstones. If you need to lose weight, try to lose 1 or 2 pounds (0.5 to about 1 kilogram) a week.
2- Maintaining an ideal weight: Excess weight makes you more likely to form gallstones.
3- Choose a healthy diet: Diets high in fat and poor in fiber may increase the risk of gallstones. To lower your risk, choose a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
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