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Eczema.. Learn about their types and treatment for each of them

Amman Today

publish date 2022-03-04 23:04:33

Jordan News

Many people are disturbed by their eczema, especially since it affects the aesthetic appearance of the individual, looking for an eczema treatment that can eliminate it permanently.

But what many do not know is that there are many different types of eczema, and here we present to you a brief description of them:

● What is eczema?
It is a condition that causes the skin to become inflamed or irritated. It includes several types, the most common of which is atopic dermatitis. Unfortunately, there is no definitive treatment for it, but it is possible to relieve symptoms through some medications and avoiding irritants.

● Why do some people get eczema?

The exact cause is unknown, but it may be due to a number of reasons, including:

• Genetic causes: having relatives with eczema, asthma or seasonal allergies are the most important risk factors for infection.

• A defect in the immune system.

• The surrounding environment; It has been found that children are more likely to develop eczema if they come from higher social classes, live in urban areas with higher levels of pollution, or live in cooler climates.

• Endocrine disorders such as thyroid disease.

• The age of the mother when the child was born: It is not clear why, but it is noted that children born to older women are more likely to develop eczema.

What causes eczema to appear?

There are some substances or conditions that provoke eczema (it is not a cause of it, but it provokes its appearance or worsens it):

A- Skin irritants, including: wool, synthetic fibers, soaps and detergents, perfume, cosmetics, dust and sand, chlorine, cigarette smoke.

b- Having an infection or allergy.

● What are the types of eczema?

Eczema has many types, including:

* Atopic dermatitis: It is the most common.

* Contact dermatitis:

This type of eczema is an irritation or allergic reaction to something that touches the skin, especially the hands or face, which may result from one-time or repeated strong contact with the skin (irritative contact dermatitis).

or about an allergen such as nickel, cosmetics, or poison ivy (allergic contact dermatitis). Hands are also most susceptible to contact dermatitis.

As for the symptoms of contact dermatitis, they include severe itching, followed by the appearance of a rash, pain and tingling, and the appearance of blisters that ooze fluid and crust over.

treatment:

Includes: moisturizers, corticosteroids (topical or systemic), and antibiotics in the event of an infection.

And of course the most important point: Avoid the irritating or sensitizing substance, and if necessary to deal with it, gloves should be worn.

Is there more?

Dyshidrotic dermatitis:

Also called vesicular eczema, it affects the hands and feet.

It was believed to be related to a defect in the sweat glands, but this theory was disproved, however, excessive sweating is a factor that exacerbates this condition in 40% of patients.

Some external factors may provoke the emergence of eczema, such as contact with metals such as nickel or cobalt, psychological distress, and a humid atmosphere.

One of the most characteristic signs of this type of eczema are small, itchy blisters that appear suddenly on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and on the fingers (usually disappear within two to three weeks).

Its symptoms also include redness and cracking of the skin, sweating of the skin around the blisters, and the thickness of the nails and changes in color.

In severe cases, the patient may have difficulty doing some simple activities such as writing, washing dishes and walking.

Unfortunately, about half of people with dyshidrotic eczema develop other types of eczema, such as atopic and contact dermatitis.

– How is it processed?

The doctor may prescribe topical corticosteroids (a cream or ointment) to reduce swelling and blisters, and in severe cases the steroid may be given systemically (tablets).

Antihistamines such as “Loratadine” are given to relieve itching, and thick moisturizers are given.

Other treatments may be resorted to – if previous treatments fail – such as:

Phototherapy (UV).

Botulinum toxin (Botox injections) to reduce pimple-inducing sweating.

Immunosuppressive drugs such as tacrolimus ointment.

4. Nummular dermatitis

weird name! You will know the reason for the name shortly.

It usually affects men more than women, where red spots in the form of a coin (this is the reason for the name) appear on the legs, backs of the hands, forearms, lower back, hips.

Treatment: as in the previous types

Treatments to relieve symptoms.

#Eczema #Learn #types #treatment

Jordan Miscellaneous news

Source : اخبار الاردن

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