publish date 2022-02-26 09:07:11
Prostate cancer often has few obvious signs in its early stages.
However, signs can appear, some of which indicate a more advanced stage of the cancer. There are a number of risk factors, such as age, and if you are under 50, your risk of developing prostate cancer is very low.
Cancer Research UK says there is no national screening program for prostate cancer because we don’t have a reliable enough test to use. The charity says you should talk to your doctor if you are concerned about symptoms or notice any unusual or persistent changes. Signs may be subtle or symptoms may not appear until the later stages.
The prostate is defined as a gland, usually the size and shape of a walnut and growing larger as you age, according to Prostate Cancer UK.
The American Cancer Centers (CTCA) says that prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men after skin cancer.
She explains that because the prostate gland is close to the bladder and urethra, prostate cancer may present with a variety of urinary symptoms, especially in its early stages.
“Depending on its size and location, the tumor may compress and narrow the urethra, blocking urine flow,” she says.
The NHS adds: “Prostate cancer usually does not cause any symptoms until the cancer is large enough to press on the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the penis (urethra).”
Some of these signs, according to the CTCA, include burning or pain while urinating, difficulty urinating, or difficulty starting and stopping while urinating.
Other people have more frequent urges to urinate at night, loss of bladder control, and decreased blood flow in the urine.
Cancer Research UK says: “Prostate cancer does not usually cause any symptoms. Most prostate cancers tend to develop on the outside of the prostate gland. This means that to cause symptoms, the cancer must be large enough to press on the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body which is very unusual.”
The CTCA says other possible signs are blood in the semen, erectile dysfunction or painful ejaculation. There are also some symptoms of “advanced” prostate cancer, which occur because the cancer has spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, such as the bones or lymph nodes.
Signs of metastatic prostate cancer may include swelling in the legs or pelvic area, numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet, or bone pain that persists or leads to fractures.
“A wide range of treatment options are available to manage advanced cancer,” he says. “These treatments kill cancer cells, but they may also help patients manage pain.”
Prostate Cancer UK says: “Pain is a common problem for men with advanced prostate cancer, although some men experience no pain at all.
Cancer can cause pain in areas where it has spread. If you do experience pain, it can usually be relieved or reduced with appropriate treatment and management. You may develop bowel problems if prostate cancer spreads to your intestines, although this is not very common.
Cancer Research says that almost everyone will survive their cancer for five years or more after being diagnosed, if it is in the first stage.
You may receive active monitoring if prostate cancer is diagnosed early and does not require immediate treatment.
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