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All you need to know about autoimmune diseases

Amman Today

publish date 2022-02-05 10:28:34

Jordan News

Autoimmune diseases are diseases caused by a lack of activity or abnormal hyperactivity of the immune system, which is responsible for protecting the body.
In cases of hyperactivity of the immune system; In response to it for an unknown reason, the immune system may start attacking the body’s own organs rather than just foreign bodies. The focus in the treatment of diseases of the immune system is to reduce the activity of the immune system.
As for diseases of immune system deficiency; They reduce the body’s ability to attack foreign bodies, causing an increased susceptibility to infection.
Here are the most famous examples for you to know:
Rheumatoid arthritis
The immune system produces antibodies that attack the lining of the joints, then attack the joints, causing inflammation, swelling and pain. If rheumatoid arthritis isn’t started, it will gradually cause permanent joint injury. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis includes oral or injectable medications that reduce overactivity of the immune system.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)
You may have heard of it before. It is like a wolf attacking different parts of the body. They develop autoimmune antibodies that attack tissues throughout the body. The organs most affected by lupus erythematosus are the joints, skin, lungs, blood cells, nerves, and kidneys.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
The body attacks the intestinal lining, causing diarrhea, rectal bleeding, increased bowel motility, abdominal pain, fever, and weight loss.
The two best examples of IBD are Crohn’s disease.
Ulcerative colitis and ulcerative colitis.
For more information on Crohn’s disease:
Multiple sclerosis
The immune system attacks nerve cells, causing symptoms including pain, weakness, poor muscle coordination and spasms, and blindness. Of course, symptoms do not appear all at once, but gradually appear.
diabetes mellitus
Yes. It is an immune disease. The immune system’s antibodies attack and destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
Guillain-Barre syndrome
The immune system attacks the nerves that control the muscles in the feet, and sometimes the hands and upper part. Thus, symptoms of weakness occur, which are sometimes severe.
The main treatment is filtering the blood and this process is called plasmapheresis with the presence of drug treatments.
demyelinating polyneuropathy (chronic inflammation)
Myelin is the membrane that surrounds nerves, so this disease is similar to Guillain-Barré. The immune system attacks the nerves in CIDP, but the symptoms are long-lasting (the chronic form).
If a proper diagnosis is not made, and treatment for patients is not started early; 30% of patients depend on a wheelchair
The treatment is the same for both CIDP and GBS
Psoriasis
Everyone knows it 🙂 T cells (a type of immune system cell) become more active and accumulate in the skin. Thus, the activity of the immune system irritates the skin cells and alerts them to increase the rapid production of its cells, and silver-coloured scaly sheets form on the skin.
For more details:
• Graves’ disease
The immune system produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland, which increases its production of thyroid hormones, causing a state of hyperthyroidism.
It results in bulging eyes, weight loss, nervous disturbances, agitation, tachycardia, weakness, and dry hair. Treating this condition requires destroying or removing the thyroid gland with medication or surgery. to imagine!
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
In contrast to Graves’ disease, the immune system produces antibodies that attack and slowly destroy the thyroid gland, resulting in a deficiency of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism).
Symptoms include fatigue, constipation, weight gain, depression, dry skin, and sensitivity to cold.
Taking oral medications containing systemic growth hormone restores the body’s normal functions.
Myasthenia gravis
Here the antibodies bind to the nerves, making them unable to stimulate the muscles well.
The main symptom is weakness that increases with movement.
The main drug is pyridostigmine (an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor).
for more information:
Vasculitis
The immune system attacks and damages blood vessels, and it can affect any organ, so symptoms are broad and can appear anywhere on the body. Treatment is with the use of immunosuppressive compounds such as corticosteroids.
So as you can see your body is very tuned in to only attack strange things. Even when an emergency malfunction occurs, the immune system attacks a certain thing. This is due to his inability to browse the personal card of that member’s cells.

#autoimmune #diseases

Jordan Miscellaneous news

Source : اخبار الاردن

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