publish date 2022-02-01 11:09:18
The Compass – The former politician and diplomat, Musa Brizat, described the general situation in Jordan as “worrying and uncomfortable,” and at the same time, he stressed the absence of any strategic conflict of interest between Amman and Ankara.
In an interview with Anadolu Agency, Brizat, the former commissioner-general of the National Center for Human Rights in Jordan, said that “the general situation in the country is uncomfortable and worrying for every honest Jordanian citizen who is keen on his monarchy as it is in the 1952 constitution.”
He emphasized “The need to return to the people by the regime, through a free dialogue, and the people’s choice of their representatives without intimidation, enticement or warning; Because any political system, if not based on its society, will remain suspended in the air.”
He considered that not relying on that is in the interest of the international powers, and contradicts the interests of the Arab and Jordanian people, “and that ruling by force through the security services is not guaranteed to result and affects the legitimacy of the ruling.”
and about performance of governments in JordanBrizat said he is “weak; Because it does not have the general mandate, and its performance will remain in crisis until it is released, so that its formation is through a parliament and parliament that reached free and fair elections, and that parliament expresses the will of the people and not the will of the executive authority.
He pointed out that “the state administration approach is far from the democratic concept and the interests, requirements and choices of society, and it cannot be a sound approach without the involvement of the stakeholder citizen.”
Over the past years, Jordan has witnessed many protest marches calling for a change in the state’s administration approach, but they have significantly decreased due to the restrictions imposed by the Defense Law on gatherings; To counter the spread of the Corona virus.
And Brizat continued: “Jordan is walking on an unknown and disturbing path, and with fear of the influence of foreign countries and Arab countries (he did not name them), they surprised the Jordanians with their positions.”
He stressed that “the Jordanian people must be approached with any pressures or relations with Israel,” asking: “Why do we link the fate of Jordan with Israel?”
Jordan and the Israeli occupation are linked to a peace agreement signed in 1994, followed by the signing of many other agreements that met with popular protests, the latest of which was the declaration of intent with “Israel” and the UAE; To exchange energy for water.
RegardingRecent Constitutional AmendmentsHe explained that it took place “on incorrect grounds, which must be based on the opinion of the people.”
Parliament recently approved amendments to 30 constitutional articles, which were the recommendations of a committee formed by royal order last June; To modernize the political system in the country.
As for the Parliament And his role, Brizat indicated that he “represents a will other than the will of the Jordanian people, and if this is done (representing the will of the people), it will be in support of the political system, its legitimacy, its strength and its ability to maneuver and confront external pressures.”
And the recent parliamentary elections, which took place in November 2020, witnessed a decline in the turnout at the ballot boxes, and the reason is due, according to observers, to previous accumulations due to a crisis of popular confidence in the electoral process on the one hand, and the performance of parliamentarians on the other hand, also driven by the continued questioning of its integrity. .
and about foreign policy To Jordan, Brizat said: “Our foreign policy is made by one person, His Majesty, and diplomats must know the goals and interest of their country, the state in which they are located and its ability to support or harm his country.”
He added, “Foreign policy must be based on the real capabilities of the state, and the values, interests and aspirations of the Jordanian people.”
And he added: “Our alliances are not clear, and what is their return to the Jordanian people, and my satisfaction with them depends on the benefit gained from them,” demonstrating his point of view by asking: “Are our association with Israel in Jordan’s interest?”
And about a relationship Jordan and TurkeyBrizat, a former ambassador of the Kingdom to Ankara (1997-2002), explained: “Our view of Turkey is not clear, knowing that there is no strategic conflict of interest between the political system and society (in the two countries).”
He added, “Turkey is the least country that contradicts Jordan in its strategic interest; Because it has no ambitions to influence the kingdom’s decisions.”
In the same context, he went on: “Turkey can be supportive of Jordan in regional alliances, even more than Arab countries.”
Regarding the obstacles to openness to Turkey, Brizat stated that “Jordan is affected in its relations by the positions of other countries,” without naming them.
He continued, “I do not support alliances; Because the regional situation is dynamic, and the alliance is a broad concept, but friendship and the strengthening of relations, and it does not prevent Turkey from being like that.”
And he added: “Relations with Turkey at the highest level and without reservations, on the basis of mutual interests, are in the interest of the Jordanian people.”
The history of relations between the two countries goes back to the thirties of the last century, when the founding King of Jordan, Abdullah I, paid an official visit to the Turkish Republic, the first at that time for an Arab leader after the end of World War I (1914-1918) and the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923.
Under the ruling Justice and Development Party since 2002, the relationship was characterized by mutual respect, with the intensification of exchange visits between officials from the two countries.
The fateful issues are the most prominent title that united the positions of the two countries, as their leaders had distinguished positions in the face of Israeli arrogance towards the Palestinian cause, and violations of the right of sanctities.
Amman and Ankara are also linked to an agreement in the field of trade and economic cooperation, which Turkey ratified last August, as an alternative to the previous agreement that Jordan canceled in 2018.
As a former commissioner ofhuman rights in JordanBrizat stressed that “the reality of human rights cannot be comfortable in light of what we are witnessing, of restricting people’s right to assembly and peaceful protest.”
And he continued, “In the period that I observed over the course of 8 years (from 2012 to 2020) and I am a general commissioner, I noticed that in a certain framework, non-effective expression is allowed and in non-sensitive issues, but when expression is in influential and sensitive issues it is restricted.”
And he added: “What bothered me was that they fenced off iron (iron fences) on all the simple squares (in which protests are held), which is a simple indication that freedom of expression is very severely restricted, in addition to the arrests and the expansion of criminalization.”
He added: “My statements may be terrorism and a threat to the constitution. The legislation is very unfair. What happened with the parliament elections is the biggest violation of human rights, and practices in cases of torture and prisons. We were improving Jordan’s image in this regard, but I hear uncomfortable stories in this regard.”
It was not possible to obtain an immediate comment from the Jordanian authorities, who say that they abide by international conventions with regard to the human rights file.
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Source : اخبار الاردن