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Sudan agreement..a return to the democratic track or more aggravation?

Amman Today

publish date 2021-11-22 10:05:46

Hamdok and Al-Burhan signed a political agreement on the transitional phase after 27 days of army decisions that sparked continuous popular anger and external rejection
– Academic: Al-Burhan retracted and signed the agreement with Hamdok under pressure from Washington through its allies, especially Tel Aviv, and the army maintained its participation in power
Analyst: Regional and international pressure resulted in Hamdok being restored to the premiership and the participation of civilians in government, while the priority of the street is civilian rule and the exclusion of the military
– Analyst: The military component in the authority will practice the same current policies in suppressing and suppressing freedoms, even in the presence of Hamdok, who will find himself in a predicament.

The Compass – After 27 days of decisions considered by the rejectionists to be a “military coup”, the commander of the Sudanese army, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, returned to the first point by signing an agreement with civilians on Sunday regarding the transitional period that began on August 21, 2019 and will continue for 53 months.

Only two years and a little more passed, until Al-Burhan interrupted the transitional period by declaring, on October 25, a state of emergency, dissolving the Sovereignty Council and the Transitional Ministers and releasing the governors, after the arrest of party leaders, ministers and officials, which launched continuous protests rejecting these measures as a “military coup.” “.

These measures provoked regional and international rejection led by the “troika” countries, namely the United States of America, Britain and Norway, in addition to widespread popular anger through continuous protests in which 40 people were killed and hundreds injured.

The latest Al-Burhan and Hamdok agreement includes 14 articles, the most prominent of which is the cancellation of the decision to relieve Hamdok from prime minister, the release of all political detainees, and the two parties pledge to work together to complete the democratic path.

He stresses that the constitutional document of 2019 is the main reference during the next stage, with the need to amend it by consensus, in order to ensure and achieve comprehensive political participation for all components of society, except for the (dissolved) National Congress Party.

This document is for power structures during a transitional phase that Sudan has experienced since 2019 and ends with elections in early 2024, during which power is shared by the army, civil forces and armed movements that signed the peace agreement with the government on October 3, 2020.

The agreement also stipulates that the Transitional Sovereignty Council will supervise the implementation of the tasks of the transitional period without interference in the executive work.

On more than one occasion, Al-Burhan said that he took the measures of October 25 to “protect the country from a real danger,” accusing political forces of “inciting chaos,” and stressing his intention to form a “competent government (without party affiliations).”

** Washington and Tel Aviv

Dr. Haj Hamad Muhammad, a university professor, told Anadolu Agency, “What was signed in the political agreement is a duplicate of the 2019 constitutional document, and in Sunday’s agreement, the army maintained its participation in the transitional authority as it wanted.”

He added, “The return of the army and its commander (Al-Burhan) to sign with the civilians headed by Hamdok, took place as a result of international pressure, as well as popular pressure rejecting the military rule of the country once again.”

And he added, “Israel and its allies in the region, from the UAE and Egypt, were supportive of Al-Burhan in his steps.”

On November 17, the (official) Israeli Broadcasting Corporation said that the US ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas Greenfield, had asked Israel to “intervene” in the Sudan crisis in order to return to the “civilian-led transitional phase.”

Muhammad added that “Washington put pressure on Al-Burhan and his group, through its allies, led by Israel, which recently appeared in Sudan strongly through advocates of normalization (with Tel Aviv), led by Al-Burhan.”

In 2020, the governments of Sudan and three other Arab countries, namely the UAE, Bahrain and Morocco, signed agreements to normalize relations with Israel, which aroused popular Arab rejection, in light of Tel Aviv’s continued occupation of lands in more than one Arab country, and its rejection of the establishment of a Palestinian state on the borders of June 4 / June 1967.

He added that “America pressed for the return of the democratic path… the proof retreated under great international pressure, especially from America, which went to Israel and demanded it put pressure on the proof, which is what happened.”

** Banishing the forces of freedom and change

According to Amir Babiker, a political analyst, “Al-Burhan succeeded in achieving what he wanted, which is to remove the Forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change, the Central Council.”

The Forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change is a civilian coalition that led the protests that led to the removal of the army leadership of President Omar al-Bashir (1989-2019), and then became a partner with the army in the transitional authority, and it was he who nominated Hamdok as prime minister.

However, the “Declaration of Freedom and Change” forces were excluded from signing Sunday’s agreement, which returned the articles that the army had frozen in the constitutional document, except for those mentioned in the “Declaration of Freedom and Change.”

Babiker said, in an interview with Anatolia, that “Al-Burhan did not retreat, but rather achieved what he wanted by keeping Hamdok as prime minister and under the supervision of the Sovereignty Council, and expelling the forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change, the Central Council.”

In August 2019, the (dissolved) Military Council and the “Declaration of Freedom and Change” forces (the ruling coalition) signed the “Constitutional Declaration” and “Political Declaration” documents regarding structures and power-sharing in the transitional period.

Babiker added that “regional and international pressure resulted only in the restoration of Hamdok as prime minister and the participation of civilians, and this was not the priority of the street demanding integrated civilian rule and the removal of the military from power.”

Since the announcement of Al-Burhan’s decisions on October 25, the United States, the United Nations, the European and African Unions have announced their rejection of these decisions, and demanded the army to return to the democratic path.

American, UN, European and African officials held talks with Sudanese officials, led by Hamdok and Al-Burhan, in order to find a solution to the political crisis and the return of civilians to power.

**More aggravation

Osman Fadlallah, a political analyst, said, “Al-Burhan took a step back, a step that came at the wrong time, as it could have taken place before that.”

Fadlallah told Anadolu Agency that “Al-Burhan took a step back, fearing the US sanctions that would have affected him and the army for his coup against the civilian authority.”

And he considered that “the army commander does not take into account the pressure of the street, as much as he puts into account the international pressure, which actually made him take a step back.”

However, he added: “But by signing the political agreement with Hamdok, things went further, as the street only wants integrated civilian rule, which will not happen in light of the presence of the military component that will practice the same current policies in suppressing and suppressing freedoms even in the presence of Hamdok, who will find himself in A stalemate with the military in power.”

On Sunday evening, Sudanese cities witnessed protests rejecting the political agreement between Al-Burhan and Hamdok.

The Sudanese Professionals Association, the leader of the protest movement, considered in a statement that the agreement represents a “vain attempt to legitimize the recent coup, the authority of the Military Council, and Hamdok’s political suicide.”

The assembly considered, in a statement, that “this treacherous agreement is in response to the declared goals of the putschists in re-empowering the remnants (Al-Bashir’s regime), and a betrayal of the blood of the martyrs of the December revolution (2018) before and after the October 25 coup.”

Anatolia

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Source : ألدستور

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