publish date 2021-11-20 12:38:43
Compass – Jordan participates with the world, Saturday, in the celebration of the International Children’s Day, which falls on November 20 of each year, as this year came under the slogan “A better future for every child”, to emphasize and promote children’s rights, to build a future and a better world for all children. and improve their well-being.
Secretary-General of the Higher Population Council, Abla Amawi, said on this occasion that the Child Rights Index for 2021 ranked Jordan 73rd out of 182 countries around the world, after obtaining a total of 0.771 points out of one point.
This indicator has been issued annually since 2013 by the Foundation for the Rights of the Child in cooperation with Erasmus University Rotterdam in the Netherlands. It provides an overview of the state’s performance in the field of children’s rights, and lays a basis for improving various aspects of children’s rights in 182 countries through 5 main areas. Jordan ranked in the center 50th globally with 0.947 points in the field of the right to protection, and in the 70th place with regard to the right to health, with a total of 0.924 points.
And it ranked 80th in the field of the right to life, with a score of 0.839 out of one point. Regarding the right to education, Jordan ranked 126th globally, with a total of 0.636. With regard to the sub-indicator related to the enabling environment for children’s rights, Jordan scored a score of 0.583 and ranked between the rank. 77-86.
Amawi indicated that the number of children in Jordan under the age of 18 reached (4344515) people, constituting (40.2%) of the total population in 2020 and distributed according to gender, with (51.4) males and (48.6) males. %) female.
She pointed out that analyzing the results of population projections for Jordanians shows that the proportion of children under the age of fifteen will decrease in the coming years as a result of the expected decrease in reproductive levels, as it will decrease from (33.1%) in 2020 to (23.8%) in 2040, according to Low scenario.
These are important indicators of the decline in dependency rates in the Jordanian family and an important indicator of the trend towards a decrease in the expenditures of education, health and other services on the family and state budget, in which the savings can be used to increase investment in better quality services for children.
– High school enrollment rates –
Amawi indicated that Jordan has made great strides in promoting child rights and childhood development, and highlighted many indicators of these achievements and challenges, and among the most prominent indicators of this is the high overall enrollment rate in the various stages of education.
Enrollment in kindergarten for the academic year (2019/2020) amounted to 41.1% (41.7% males and 40.5% females), and for the basic stage 97.9% (97.8% males and 97.9% females), and for the primary stage Secondary school 77.5% (70.8% males and 84.9% females).
Jordan has maintained gender equality in education, as the enrollment rates between the two sexes are close at the basic level, while at the secondary level it appears that the rate of school enrollment is lower than the rate of female enrollment.
She referred to a study issued by the Ministry of Education and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in 2020, entitled “Jordan’s Study on Out-of-School Children”, the results of which revealed that the number of out-of-school children for the age group (6-15 years) in the academic year (2017/2018) It reached (112016) children, constituting 6.2% of all children in the age group (6-15 years).
At the national level, the percentage of males out of school is higher compared to the percentage of females, with the exception of Jordanian children of the age group (6-11 years), where the percentage of females is higher compared to males (2.3% compared to 1.6%).
Amawi indicated that the effects of the cumulative numbers of dropouts are clearly visible on the educational level of the workers in the Jordanian economy, in which 50% of them have an educational level below secondary, in addition to the effects of this on many social problems such as child labor, marriage under the age of 18, juvenile delinquency, and strengthening the circle poverty.
She stressed that Jordan has made great strides in meeting the health rights of children, and highlighted the most important indicators of these achievements from the reality of population and family health surveys, including; The mortality rate for children under the age of five has decreased. The infant mortality rate has also decreased, and the percentage of children aged (12-23 months) who have received all basic vaccinations has increased.
Amawi explained that one of the most prominent challenges in the field of children’s health care is the prevalence of anemia among Jordanian children, as one child out of every three (32%) children aged (6-59 months) suffers from anemia.
Anemia is more prevalent in the northern region at 38% compared to children in the central and southern regions (29%) each, and that feeding practices for only 23% of children in Jordan aged (6-23 months) meet the minimum standards, In addition to the high death rates in general among children born to Syrian mothers, the mortality rate for children under the age of five reached 25 deaths per thousand live births.
The Higher Population Council indicated in the statement that despite the low rate of infection with the Corona virus among children in Jordan (under the age of 18) compared to the rest of the age groups, which amounted to 17.7% (until 11/16/2021); However, the indirect effects were significant on children.
– 23% of children did not have access to health care for a crisis –
A UNICEF study entitled “Social and Economic Challenges Facing the Most Vulnerable Children, Youth and Their Parents in Jordan During the Corona Pandemic,” indicated that 23% of sick children during the (Covid-19) pandemic did not receive the necessary medical care.
The study added that 25% of families had their children unable to access national online education platforms, and only 31% of families were able to get home internet service.
And 56% of them reported that they resorted to using psychological violence methods against their children during the curfew, and in contrast, more than a third of parents resorted to the use of physical violence.
One billion children at risk from the effects of the climate crisis
Another UNICEF report showed that about one billion children – about half of the world’s 2.2 billion children – live in one of the 33 countries classified as “extremely high risk”.
These children face a lethal combination of exposure to multiple climatic and environmental shocks, with a high vulnerability to them due to inadequate basic services, such as water and sanitation, healthcare and education. The results reflect the number of children currently affected, and these numbers are likely to increase as the effects of climate change accelerate.
Climate and environmental shocks undermine the full range of children’s rights, from access to clean air, food and safe water, education, housing, freedom from exploitation, and even their right to survive.
– Facts about children’s exposure to climate risks –
240 million children are highly vulnerable to coastal flooding.
330 million children are highly vulnerable to river flooding.
400 million children are highly vulnerable to hurricanes.
600 million children are highly vulnerable to insect-borne diseases.
815 million children are highly vulnerable to lead contamination.
820 million children are highly vulnerable to heat waves.
920 million children are extremely vulnerable to water scarcity.
One billion children are highly exposed to extremely high levels of air pollution.
Although nearly every child around the world is at risk from at least one of these climate and environmental risks, the data reveal that the hardest-hit countries face multiple and often overlapping shocks that threaten to crush development progress and deepen children’s deprivation, according to the report. UNICEF.
An estimated 850 million children – 1 in 3 children globally – live in regions where at least four of these climate and environmental shocks converge.
Up to 330 million children – one in every 7 children globally – live in areas affected by at least five major shocks.
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Source : اخبار الاردن